Multilateral adaptation strategy is necessary for the conservation of biological diversity and for the maintenance of forest productivity to counterbalance the anticipated rapid climate change. In other words, by anticipating the rapid climate change, ecosystem networks should be established to maintain the connectivity of protected areas to control the migration and establishment of organisms and to conserve diverse species. Forests should be protected through forest hazard prevention programs with preventive measures for forest fires & establishment of forest fire suppression systems and prediction of landslides.
Planting of tree species accustomed to colder environment should be avoided, and researches related to control the cutting time o plantation consisting of such species and to substitute them with other adequate species are needed. In addition, alien pest insects and introduced plant pathogens (esp. those originating from the subtropical region) should be closely monitored through reinforced inspection of quarantine system for imported plants to prevent the possibility of insects, pests and plant pathogens outbreaks. Furthermore, expansion of pest and pathogens outbreak should be restrained through appropriate pest control activities. Finally, overall efforts to implement the ecosystem management operations and to preserve species vulnerable to climate change are being made.
Long-term monitoring of the change in the marine ecosystem is necessary to predict the shift in fisheries resources resulting from climate change and variations of fishing ground, and to continuously utilize and manage fisheries resources. Hence, to progress with the research related to the above, a correlation analysis between the long and short-term characteristics of climate change and major fisheries resources are being promoted, along with the research to establish operation method for the variation of the ecosystem. Furthermore, fundamental research is being promoted with the recognition that a long-term adaptation program should be established for coastal infrastructure and territorial safety supervision to confront climate change that would cause a rise in the sea level, changes in the path and intensity of cyclones, changes of wave influence, etc.
C. Water Resources
To prepare for natural disasters from climate change, adaptation measures for the water resource sector should be implemented, first of all, by anticipating unforeseen flood and recognizing the extreme value of such anticipation, and promoting among ministries and government agencies integrated countermeasures for floods to achieve colligated restoration and reinforcement from floods. Furthermore, to confront the uncertainty of climates, efforts are being made to establish a systematic and accurate structure that will communicate early warnings to the central government and local authorities to enhance the efficiency of water resource management and minimize the damage from disasters. To increase the accuracy of the flood outbreak estimation, accurate data on sluice control must first be acquired to develop a new concept of reliable flood determination method. Fundamental research relevant to such findings is being accomplished.
Each year, the Korean Ministry of Health and Welfare and the National Institute of Health make forecasts on the prevalence of malaria, Japanese encephalitis, cholera, vibrio, vulnificus septicemia and food poisoning. The National Institute of Health accumulates data on prediction projects such as the identification of the station of specimen or vector, the density of mosquitoes that transmit viral disease, temperature, sea water temperature, sea water pollution, salinity of sea water, antibodies of piglets, etc. Furthermore, by building up the monitoring system classified by epidemics, realities of the infectious disease outbreak are being grasped through the report on infectious diseases and improvement of the reporting structure.
Fundamental management system and formation of database for infectious diseases are being established. However, results from scientific research accumulated to estimate the possibility of artificial climate change and change in the distribution of infectious diseases and ecological adaptation have yet to be organized. Furthermore, evaluation of the impact of air pollution on health has been actively implemented recently. However, the data accumulation necessary for evaluation is insufficient to produce solid results.